This article accompanies the fable
Strauss' Salomé and Mozart's Idomeneo - more severed heads
Is it the sight of a troubled teenager serenading a severed head or the Dance of the Seven Veils striptease or the gay undercurrent? The result is standing ovations, reinforcing the trend in opera of late toward the salacious and the shocking, curiously duplicating the events of a century ago. (Or even earlier if you count Donizetti chopping off the heads of Anne Boleyn (Anna Bolena) and Mary, Queen of Scots (Maria Stuarda) in the 1830s.)
The Met may have got the idea to restage Salomé from Berlin's Deutsche Oper, which staged Mozart's Idomeneo in 2003-2004 with no fewer than four severed heads. They aren't in Mozart's original story of course but in the new version King Idomeneo staggers on stage next to the bloody severed heads of Buddha, Jesus, Poseidon and the Prophet Mohammed, which are sitting on chairs. It was the last of these heads that prompted the opera house to cancel a subsequent production in the Fall of 2006, concerned about the backlash from Muslims. Before eventually reinstating it, the heads made international news when they went missing from the opera house workshops. A spokesperson remarked, "The costume director and the technical director are having a look around, but if they don't turn up, we'll just make new ones..." PR doesn't get any better than this but the opera house is still struggling to stay alive.
The painting below of Salomé is by French Symbolist painter Gustave Moreau in 1871.
A severed head also puts in an appearance at the critical moment of Euripides' The Bacchae, another play that has been the subject of visionary (camped up) interpretations in the last decade.
The highlight of the play - and one of the reasons it could never be performed until late in the 19th century - when Nietzsche helped rehabilitate it - is that in the wildest scenes the women run amok sexually under the spell of Bacchus (Dionysus). This painting captures them at rest. Regrettably there are no famous paintings of the Bacchae in action (i.e.tearing animals apart in a sexual frenzy and murdering the King).
Polish sculptor Igor Mitoraj has included John the Baptist's head in his celebrated works of art that appear in various cities. The head shown below appears in Rome's basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri. The shroud-like bandaging appears in several of his sculptures and the symbolism appears to say that we are all damaged or in bondage in one way or another. Life is beautiful but fragile...